ProjectDFG FOR 2625 – Mechanisms of Lysosomal Homeostasis: "A role for human WIPI3 in lysosomal phosphoinositide…

Basic data

Acronym:
DFG FOR 2625
Title:
Mechanisms of Lysosomal Homeostasis: "A role for human WIPI3 in lysosomal phosphoinositide signaling"
Duration:
4/1/2021 to 3/31/2024
Abstract / short description:
Lysosomal function and autophagy critically contribute to secure the maintenance of cellular homeostasis and many human diseases are characterized by autophagy/lysosome dysfunction. Inaccurate phosphoinositide signaling, in particular pathways involving phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate (PI3P) and phosphatidylinositol 3,5-bisphosphate (PI(3,5)P2), impact both autophagy and lysosomal function. In order to contribute to the understanding of the roles of PI3P and PI(3,5)P2 in the control of autophagy and lysosome function we addressed the function of the human WIPI (WD-repeat protein interacting with phosphoinositide) proteins (WIPI1-WIPI4), PI3P- and PI(3,5)P2-binding proteins that we identified earlier, in the process of autophagy. We showed that all four WIPI proteins fulfill distinct scaffold functions in the signal control of autophagy and at the nascent autophagosome. Whereas WIPI1 and WIPI2 function as PI3P effectors at the nascent autophagosome, WIPI3 and WIPI4 function in the signal control of autophagy upstream of PtdIns3P production. In response to AMPK activation, WIPI4 is released from a WIPI4-ATG2/AMPK-ULK1 complex and translocates, together with ATG2, to the nascent autophagosome for size controlling membrane expansion, to which WIPI3 also contributes. Upstream and on lysosomes, WIPI3 associates the TSC complex, which controls lysosomal TORC1 activity (Bakula et al., Nat Commun. 2017). Here we will address the role of human WIPI3 as PI3P/PI(3,5)P2 effector in lysosomal signaling.
Keywords:
Autophagy
Lysosomes
Phospholipids
WIPI3
WDR45B

Involved staff

Managers

Faculty of Science
University of Tübingen
Interfaculty Institute for Cell Biology (IFIZ)
Interfaculty Institutes

Local organizational units

Interfaculty Institute for Cell Biology (IFIZ)
Interfaculty Institutes
University of Tübingen

Funders

Bonn, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany
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