Project Aurignacien Italien – Untersuchungen zu technologischer Variabilität und kultureller Dynamik im frühen…

Basic data

Acronym:
Aurignacien Italien
Title:
Untersuchungen zu technologischer Variabilität und kultureller Dynamik im frühen Jungpaläolithikum süd-lich der Alpen
Duration:
01/05/2020 to 30/04/2023
Abstract / short description:
The Aurignacian is often viewed as the result of the spread of modern
humans into Europe. However, the biocultural processes that favored
the success of the Aurignacian industries across a range of
environmental settings and climatic conditions are yet to be fully
understood. The same is true for the cultural trajectories that occurred
during this period, and its relation to the so called transitional
technocomplexes. In this debate, the regions south of the Alps
provide a unique test case due to the high geographical and
ecological variability of the region and the presence of several
Aurignacian and transitional Uluzzian sites. This project aims to
address several interrelated questions: are there differences in the
lithic technological systems and techno-economic behavior of
Aurignacian foragers across the different regions of Italy? Is there
evidence of cultural contact between the makers of Aurignacian and
Uluzzian industries? How does the diachronic development of the
Aurignacian in Italy progress and how does it compare to the regions
north of the Alps? To shed light on these issues, we will characterize
and compare the lithic technology and the behavioral patterns of
modern humans at the sites of Fumane Cave and Bombrini in
northern Italy as well as Castelcivita and Serino in southern Italy. We
will perform extensive technological investigations of the lithic
assemblages from several archaeological units using different
methods of analysis. Furthermore, we will evaluate the stratigraphic
integrity of the cultural deposits using lithic refittings and radiocarbon
dating. Results will be statistically processed to model patterns of
intra- and inter-site variability and diachronic change. In a next step,
we will investigate convergences and divergences with Aurignacian
sites north of the Alps. This project will provide new critical information
to test several hypotheses regarding the spread of modern humans
across Europe and investigate the diachronic variability of the
Aurignacian on various geographic scales. Finally, the project will
suggest proxies for better understanding mechanisms of cultural
evolution during the formation of the European Upper Paleolithic.
Keywords:
Moderne Menschen
Aurignacien
Uluzzien
frühe Jungpaläolithikum
Lithische Technologie

Involved staff

Managers

Institute of Archaeological Sciences Research Areas (UFG)
Department of Geoscience, Faculty of Science
Institute of Archaeological Sciences Research Areas (UFG)
Department of Geoscience, Faculty of Science
Faculty of Science
University of Tübingen
Institute of Archaeological Sciences Research Areas (UFG)
Department of Geoscience, Faculty of Science

Local organizational units

Institute of Archaeological Sciences Research Areas (UFG)
Department of Geoscience
Faculty of Science

Funders

Bonn, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany
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