Project MoLCINS – Ein- versus Zweistufenmodelle des Sprachverstehens: Untersuchungen zur Verarbeitung negativer Sätze

Basic data

Acronym:
MoLCINS
Title:
Ein- versus Zweistufenmodelle des Sprachverstehens: Untersuchungen zur Verarbeitung negativer Sätze
Duration:
01/08/2017 to 31/07/2020
Abstract / short description:
There is an ongoing debate in psycholinguistics whether comprehension processes are best characterized by one- or by two-step models of comprehension. According to two-step models, comprehenders first compute the context-independent meaning of an expression based on their linguistic knowledge, and only in a second step take into account their general world knowledge as well as contextual and pragmatic information. In contrast, one-step models assume that various sources of linguistic and non-linguistic knowledge are taken into account simultaneously. In the present project, and on the basis of our findings from the first funding phase, we aim at contributing to this debate concerning the semantic/pragmatic interface by studying the processing of negative sentences. We will focus on the question whether aspects related to the pragmatics of negation are taken into account early on during comprehension, which is of central importance to the distinction between one- and two-step models of comprehension. In particular, we will present affirmative and negative sentences in the context of visual worlds that either do or do not license the use of negation in the sentences. We also aim to find out more about the exact conditions under which negative utterances are pragmatically felicitous. Finally, we are interested in comparing effects attributed to the pragmatics of negation with other pragmatic effects during comprehension, such as effects reflecting the integration of scalar implicatures. In order to gain insights into the temporal characteristics of the processes involved in comprehension, we plan to measure event-related brain potentials (ERPs) and eye-movements during reading and listening. We expect that this project will provide important insights into the comprehension processes at the semantic/pragmatic interface.
Keywords:
semantics
Semantik
pragmatics
Pragmatik
Sprachverstehen
Negation
language processing (Sprachverarbeitung)

Staff

Managers

Faculty of Science
University of Tübingen
Institute of Psychology
Department of Psychology, Faculty of Science
Faculty of Science
University of Tübingen
Institute of Psychology
Department of Psychology, Faculty of Science
Institute of Psychology
Department of Psychology, Faculty of Science

Contact persons

Institute of German Language and Literature
Department of Modern Languages, Faculty of Humanities
SFB 833 - Construction of Meaning: The Dynamics and Adaptivity of Linguistic Structures
Collaborative research centers and transregios

Local organizational units

Department of Psychology
Faculty of Science
University of Tübingen

Funders

Bonn, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany
Bonn, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany
Bonn, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany
Help

will be deleted permanently. This cannot be undone.