Project GCBS (WP4): Lasting amelioration of deficient cognitive control by transcranial direct current stimulation…

Basic data

Title:
GCBS (WP4): Lasting amelioration of deficient cognitive control by transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS)-enhanced training
Duration:
01/02/2015 to 31/01/2019
Abstract / short description:
Deficient cognitive control (CC) is one of the central characteristics of major depression (MD). Hypoactivation of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC) has been linked with this deficit. Antidepressants and cognitive-behavioral therapies modify CC most-likely as a common mechanism of treatment. We have shown, that activity of dlPFC can be modulated by transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and that dependent of polarity different effects can be induced. Anodal tDCS can enhance the activity of the left dlPFC which can transiently ameliorate CC in MD. In turn, cathodal, deactivating tDCS to the same area induces a negativity bias in healthy subjects. Therefore, tDCS can modulate healthy and disturbed CC in a polarity dependent manner and the combination of tDCS and cognitive training might be effective in augmenting benefits of cognitive therapies. However, the optimal stimulation conditions for a tDCS-enhanced cognitive training are still unknown. Therefore, we first compare the effects of anodal and cathodal tDCS to the left and right dlPFC at 1 and 2 mA with sham stimulation in healthy subjects during training of CC with the ‘Paced Auditory Serial Addition Task’ (PASAT) during a 2-week training phase. Sustainability and generalization of the training effects will be measured at follow-up visits. The most effective parameters will be used to assess the effects of tDCS-enhanced training on CC and clinical improvement in patients with major depression. Concurrently, we will analyze the neurophysiological mechanisms, genetic factors and the effect of gender on the tDCS-enhanced training effects. These experiments will provide essential data for an evidence-based combination of brain stimulation with cognitive training as a potentially valuable new constituent of cognitive-behavioural therapy.
Keywords:
dorsolateraler Präfrontalkortex
kognitives Training
depression
Depression
tDCS
transcranial direct current stimulation, transkranielle Gleichstromstimulation

Staff

Managers

Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Hospitals and clinical institutes, Faculty of Medicine
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Hospitals and clinical institutes, Faculty of Medicine

Local organizational units

Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Hospitals and clinical institutes
Faculty of Medicine

Funders

Bonn, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany
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