Project SFB Transregio 156 – B05: Dissecting TLR signaling in neutrophils as potential target in psoriasis

Basic data

Acronym:
SFB Transregio 156
Title:
B05: Dissecting TLR signaling in neutrophils as potential target in psoriasis
Duration:
01/08/2015 to 01/08/2019
Abstract / short description:
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory disease with high incidence and substantial morbidity. Psoriatic lesions are characterized by an infiltration of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) and T cells, and an accumulation of the antimicrobial peptide LL-37. LL-37 promotes innate immune stimulation via nucleic acid-sensing Toll-like receptors (TLRs). PMNs store LL-37, respond to TLR8 and TLR9 stimulation, and drive pro-inflammatory cytokine expression. Unfortunately, little is known about PMNs and their precise role in psoriasis. We will therefore dissect the role of PMNs in psoriasis, focusing particularly on TLR-LL-37 mediated control circuits, contribution to the inflammatory micromilieu, and the balance between effector and suppressor PMNs. Furthermore, we seek to elucidate the enigmatic interplay of skin PMN with T cells, keratinocytes, dendritic cells and innate lymphoid cells. Our studies will employ in vitro and ex vivo analysis based on biopsy material and skin sections from patients as well as murine models in order to more accurately define the role of PMNs in psoriasis.

Involved staff

Managers

Faculty of Medicine
University of Tübingen

Local organizational units

University Children’s Hospital - Department of Paediatrics
Hospitals and clinical institutes
Faculty of Medicine

Funders

Bonn, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany
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